Articles By Country: G-M

Country-Specific Articles: G-M


  • “Internet Access, Yes, But in my Mother Language!” The World Bank, Jul 3, 2014. {WB}


  • “Report of the Gambian IG Forum 2010,” WAIGF, Nov 2010. {}


  • “The Ghanaian Startup Ecosystem,” Martin Greenberg, Sept 16, 2014. {MEST}
  • Avle, S. (2014). Articulating and enacting development: Skilled returnees in Ghana’s ICT industry. Information Technologies & International Development, 10(4), 1–13. {ITID}
  • “Mobile Industry In Africa: The changing face of mobile in Ghana,” Amgoo Telecom, Aug 3, 2014. {Amgoo}
  • “Affordable Internet in Ghana: The Status Quo and the Path Ahead,” A4AI, Mar 2014. {A4AI}
  • Sey, A., Coward, C., Bar, F., Sciadas, G., Rothschild, C., & Koepke, L. (2013). Connecting people for development: Why public access ICTs matter. Seattle: Technology & Social Change Group, University of Washington Information School. {TASCHA}
  • “Chale, How Much it Cost to Browse? Results from a Mobile Data Price Transparency Trial in Ghana,” Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development: Full Papers – Volume 1 (ICTD ’13), ACM, New York, NY, USA (2013), pp. 13-23. {Google Research}
  • “Who let all those Ghanaians on the Internet? Jenna Burrell on internet exclusion,” Ethan Zuckerman, Feb 12, 2013. {}
  • “Mobile Internet Usage Field Survey: Ghana,” *iHub, November 2012. {*iHub Research}
  • “Internet Access in Ghana’s Volta Region,” Lillie,, Jan 21, 2012. {Around the World “L”}
  • “Effects of Mobile Phone Use on Artisanal Fishing Market Efficiency and Livelihoods in Ghana,” Mahamadu Salia, Nicholas N. N. Nsowah-Nuamah, William F. Steel, EJISDC, Vol 47, 2011. {EJISDC}
  • “Developing Information Society in Ghana: How Far?” Godfred Frempong, EJISDC, Vol 47, 2011. {EJISDC}
  • “Ghana going online: Internet as a human right?” Robin Pierro, Apr 22, 2011. {}
  • “Impact of Low-Cost, On-Demand Information Access in a Remote Ghanaian Village,” Cliff Schmidt, Trina Jean Gorman, Michael Shayne Gary, Andrew Azaabanye Bayor, ITID, Vol 8, Issue 2, 2010. {ITID}
  • “Ghana ICT Sector Performance Review 2009/2010,” Research ICT Africa Vol 2 Paper 8, 2010. {Research ICT Africa}
  • “Problematic Empowerment: West African Internet Scams as Strategic Misrepresentation,” Jenna Burrell, itid, vOL 4, iSSUE 4, fALL/wINTER 2008. {ITID}
  • “Ghana Cyber Group,” 2005. {}
  • “Expansion of the Internet Backbone in Ghana,” Network Computer Systems Accra, 1997. {}



  • “Sector Statistics Report – Quarterly” Communications Authority, Oct 2012. {CA}
  • Top fundraising rounds by Kenya-based startups in 2015, Lily Kuo, Quartz / Disrupt Africa, 2016. {Quartz}
  • “The State of Blogging and Social Media in Kenya: 2015 Report,” Bloggers Association of Kenya, June 2015. {Daily Monitor}
  • “Competition in the Kenyan Digital Finance Market: Mobile Money (Part 1 of 3),” Joyce Murithi, Helix, Dec 14, 2015. {Helix}
  • “Community Mapping in Urban Informal Settlements: Examples from Nairobi, Kenya,” Panek et. al, The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, Vol 68, 2015. {EJISDC}
  • “ICT in Governance in Kenya – Policies and Practice,” CIPESA ICT Research Series No. 06/15, Oct 2015. {CIPESA}
  • Tully, M., & Ekdale, B. (2014). Sites of playful engagement: Twitter hashtags as spaces of leisure and development in Kenya [ICTs for Leisure in Development Special Issue]. Information Technologies & International Development, 10(3), 67–82. {ITID}
  • “Putting a MOOC for Human Rights in the Hands of Kenyans: The Haki Zangu Case for Non-Formal Learning,” William Jobe, Per-Olof Hansson, EJISDC, Vol 65, 2014. {EJISDC}
  • “E-Learning in Kenyan Universities: Preconditions for Successful Implementation,” John Kiptarbey Tarus, David Gichoya, EJISDC, Vol 66, 2014. {EJISDC}
  • “Capability Outcomes from Educational and ICT Capability Inputs – An Analysis of ICT Use in Informal Education in Kenya,” Mathias Hatakka, Sarah Ater, David Obura, Brigid Mibei, EJISDC, Vol 61, 2014. {EJISDC}
  • Ndiege, Joshua R A; Herselman, Marlien E.; and Flowerday, Stephen V. (2014) “Absorptive Capacity and ICT Adoption Strategies for SMEs: a Case Study in Kenya,” The African Journal of Information Systems: Vol. 6: Iss. 4, Article 2. {AJIS}
  • “New technologies for improving old public security challenges in Nairobi,” Mads Frilander, Jamie Lundine, David Kutalek and Luchetu Likaka, Igarapé Institute, June 2014. {Igarape}
  • “Open access: academic publishing and its implications for knowledge equity in Kenya,” Duncan Mwangangi Matheka, Joseph Nderitu, Daniel Mutonga, Mary Iwaret Otiti, Karen Siegel and Alessandro Rhyll Demaio, Globalization and Health 2014, 10:26. {G and H}
  • “Innovations out of Africa: The Emergence, Challenges and Potential of the Kenyan Tech Ecosystem,” Julia Manske, Vodafone Institute, April 2014. {Vodafone Institut}
  • “Digital Entrepreneurship in Kenya 2014,” GSMA, Feb 18, 2014. {GSMA}
  • “The Mobile Banking Survey,” Kenya Bankers Association Centre for Research on Financial Markets and Policy, Jan 2014. {KBA}
  • “Women and cyber crime in Kenya,” Alice W. Munyua, GISWatch, 2013. {GISWatch}
  • “Imagining a Silicon Savannah? Technological and Conceptual Connectivity in Kenya’s BPO and Software Development Sectors,” Mark Graham, Laura Mann, EJISDC, Vol 56, 2013. {EJISDC}
  • “Kenya: The Internet & Freedom of Information,” Will Mutua, Sept 4, 2013. {IDG Connect}
  • “Community, Connectivity, and Caffeine! The Secrets to Kenya’s Technology Success,” Jessica Heinzelman, ICTWorks, Sept 4, 2013. {ICTWorks}
  • “Bridging Kenya’s Data Divide,” Rushda Majeed, Foreign Policy, Aug 16, 2013. {}
  • “A (Private) Public Space Examining the Use and Impact of Digital and Social Media Among Adolescents in Kenya,” InterMedia & UNICEF, July 2013. {Voices of Youth}
  • “Infographic: The Kenyan journey to digital financial inclusion,” GSMA, July 2013. {GSMA}
  • “The use of crowdsourcing maps as a tool for citizen empowerment and engagement: Case study of Map Kibera Project,” Alise Gedgauda, Malmo University, Jun 14, 2013. {}
  • “Umati Final Report Released,” iHub Research & Ushahidi, June 2013. {Ushahidi}
  • “Exploring the idea of the creative class in an African city : a case study of ICT professionals in Nairobi,” Lauren Rosenberg, Stellenbosch University, 2013. {}
  • “Striving to Become Africa’s First Silicon Valley: Comparing Kenya and Rwanda,” Michel Bezy, Mar 9, 2013. {Africa Oye}
  • “Disseminating the Power of Information: Kenya Open Data Initiative, 2011-2012,” Rushda Majeed, Sept 2012. {Princeton University}
  • “Should Kenya Allow Software Patents?” vnzomo, CIPIT Law Blog, Aug 15, 2012. {Strathmore University}
  • “Kenya ICT Board Monitoring and Evaluation Survey Results,” IDC East Africa, Feb 19, 2012. {Scribd}
  • {The Agribusiness Hub}
  • “The National Broadband Strategy for Kenya (Draft),” Ministry of Information and Communication, 2013. {ICTA}
  • “Mobile Usage at the Base of the Pyramid in Kenya,” iHub Research, Research Solutions Africa, infoDev, 2013. {infoDev}
  • “Mobile Internet Usage Field Survey: Kenya,” *iHub, November 2012. {*iHub Research}
  • “Computerizing Primary Schools in Rural Kenya: Outstanding Challenges and Possible Solutions,” Javier Gordon Ogembo, Benjamin K Ngugi, Matthew Pelowski, EJISDC, Vol 52, 2012. {EJISDC}
  • “Internet Governance in Kenya – An Assessment for the Internet Society,” David Souter and Monica Kerretts-Makau, Internet Society, Sept 15, 2012. {ISOC}
  • “How the Kenyan Base of the Pyramid uses their mobile phone,” Angela Crandall, iHub Research, October 2012. {iHub}
  • “Mobile Retail in Kenya,” *iHub Nairobi, InMobi, Jul 2012. {iHub}
  • “4G Upgrade Path Drives Backhaul Migration in Kenya,” Safaricom, Jul 2012. {Aviat Networks}
  • “The Impact of ICT Hubs on African Entrepreneurs: A Case Study of iHub (Nairobi),” May 2012. {iHub}
  • “Country Focus: Kenya’s State Of ICT,” Charlie Fripp, IT News Africa, May 17, 2012. {IT News Africa}
  • “Kenya Technology, Innovation & Startup Report 2012: A Preview,” Afrinnovator, 2012. {Afrinnovator}
  • “Open Data Kenya,” World Bank, Dec 2011. {Scribd}
  • “Kenya Economic Update Edition No. 5,” World Bank, Dec 2011. {}
  • “Report on National ICT Survey,” CCK, Nov 2011. {Research ICT Africa}
  • “Kenya Julisha ICT Market Survey 2011,” Kenya ICT Board, Nov 2011. {}
  • “Kenya Internet Service Providers – Who To Trust?” Chewy Chunks, Sept 2011. {Chewy Chunks}
  • “Market ICT Indicator Survey Launch,” Aug 2011. {}
  • “Agriculture, Local Content & Indigenous Knowledge Workshop Report,” Enock O. Chiteri and Cleopa Timon Otieno For Kenya Network of Telecentres (KenTel), 2010. {}
  • “M-Pesa: A Case Study of the Critical Early Adopters’ Role in the Rapid Adoption of Mobile Money Banking in Kenya,” Benjamin Ngugi, Matthew Pelowski, Javier Gordon Ogembo, EJISDC, Vol 43, 2010. {EJISDC}
  • “Kenya National IGF,” EAIGF, 2010/2011. {}
  • “Kenya ICT Sector Performance Review 2010,” Research ICT Africa Vol 2 Paper 10, 2010. {Research ICT Africa}
  • “20 Kenyan web and tech innovations worth watching,” Mark Kaigwa, Aug 4, 2010. {}
  • “Information Literacy in Kenya,” Nov 18, 2009. {}
  • “Information Literacy in Kenya,” Khushbu Tilvawala, Michael David Myers, Antonio Díaz Andrade, EJISDC, Vol 39, 2007. {EJISDC}
  • “Internet Diffusion in Kenya and Its Determinants: A Longitudinal Analysis,” Nixon Ochara, Jean-Paul Belle, Irwin Brown, Communincations of the Association for Information Systems, Volume 23, Article 7, pp. 123-150, September 2008. {}
  • Ochara, Nixon Muganda (2008) “Emergence of the E-Government Artifact in an Environment of Social Exclusion in Kenya,” The African Journal of Information Systems: Vol. 1: Iss. 1, Article 3. {AJIS}
  • “Sega Silicon Valley,” Sega Silicon Valley. {}
  • “2002 disappointments and achievements of the Internet industry,” Tom Kwanya, The Kenyan Netwatch, 2003. (Web Archive) {}


  • “‘Ten Seeds’: How Mobiles Have Contributed to Development in Women-Led Farming Cooperatives in Lesotho,” Kataharine Vincent, Tracy Cull, ITID, Vol 9, Issue 1, Spring 2013. {ITID}
  • “An Investigation of ICT Integration in the Lesotho Secondary and High School Science Classroom,” Kasongo Kalanda, University of South Africa, June 2012. {UNISA}
  • “Case Study on the Impact of the Changing International Telecommunications Environment,” Clifford Chance & Booz, Hamilton, Allen, Inc., 1998. {}


  • “Liberia’s elections map – one week on, with new features,” Ushahidi, Oct 18, 2011. {}
  • “Best Practices for Liberia’s Internet Eco-System,” Google, Feb 2011. {}
  • “2010 In Retrospect: Progress Made in Liberia’s ICT Sector,” Darren Wilkins, Dec 29, 2010. {}
  • “The Liberia Internet Governance Forum, Sep 2010. {}
  • “Uses of Mobile Phones in Post-Conflict Liberia,” Michael L. Best, Thomas N. Smyth, John Etherton, Edem Wornyo, ITID, Vol 6, Issue 2, Summer 2010. {ITID}
  • “After Cell Phone, E-Commerce is the Next Technological Boom in Liberia,” Darren Wilkins, Jul 30, 2010. {}
  • “Africa’s Golden Opportunitiy,” Jenny Stefanotti, Oct 1, 2009. {}


  • “Update: As violence escalates, Libya cuts off the Internet,” Robert McMillan, Feb 18, 2011. {}
  • “Factors Affecting Bank Staff Attitude Towards E-Banking Adoption in Libya,” Mohamed Abukhzam, Angela Lee, EJISDC, Vol 42, 2010 {EJISDC}
  • Towards E-Learning in Higher Education in Libya,” Amal Rhema and Iwona Miliszewska, Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology, Vol. 7, 2010. {IISIT}


  • “El ecosistema digital de la ‘Grande Île’ se prepara para el futuro,” Carlos Bajo Erro, El Pais, Nov 13, 2014. {El Pais}
  • “Accessible advice,” Andrianjafy Rasoanindrainy, ICT Update no. 62, Oct. 2011. {}


  • “The Making of Cybercrime Legislation in Malawi: A Comparative Analysis of Malawi’s Proposed Cybercrime Law against International Standards and Best Practices,” Lewis C. Bande, 2012. {}
  • “Earphones Are Not for Women: Gendered ICT Use Among Youths in Ethiopia and Malawi,” Marije Geldof, ITID, Vol 7, Issue 4, Winter 2011. {ITID}
  • “ICT for Sustainable Rural Development Telecenter Project,” Soustain Chigalul, May 29, 2006. {}


  • “Business Models to Increase Internet Access in Mali,” USAID, Sept 2010. {}
  • “Chapter 3 – Timbuktu Telecentre, Mali,” IDRC, 2001. {Google}


  • “Mauritania Ramps up Broadband Internet by Stimulating Private Investment,” Michel Rogy, IC4D Blog, World Bank, Jul 12, 2013. {World Bank Blog}
  • “Yahya Galledou, directeur des réseaux de Mauritel: «…la Mauritanie grâce à l’atterrissement du câble sous-marin ACE, va assurer une plus grande sécurisation de l’accès à internet et de sa stabilisation»,”, Mar 31, 2013. {Noorinfo}
  • “Case Study of the Changing International Telecommunications Environment”, ITU, Feb 1998. {}


  • “Impact of Online Social Networking on Youth: Case Study of Mauritius,” Kavi Kumar Khedo, Rajen Suntoo, Sheik Mohammad Roushdat Ally Elaheebocus, Asslinah Mocktoolah, EJISDC, Vol 56, 2013. {EJISDC}
  • “Strategies for the promotion of broadband services and infrastructure: a case study on Mauritius,” Broadband Commission, Sept 2012. {ITU}
  • “Mauritius is not a cyber island yet. Here’s why,” GeekScribes, Sep 30, 2011. {}
  • “The Fifth Pillar: The Republic of Mauritius ICT Case Study,” Minges, Gray and Tayob, Feb 2004. {}
  • “In Mauritius, the silicon hills of Africa,” USA Today, Oct 28, 2002. {}


  • “Mobile Industry In Africa: Morocco, The Jewel Of The Dunes,” Amgoo Telecom, Sept 23, 2014. {Amgoo}
  • “Morocco gives strong regional performance for internet readiness,” Oxford Business Group, Jan 13, 2014. {OBG}
  • “How to fight corruption with online tools: best practice from Morocco,” Tarik Nesh-Nash, Transparency International, May 8, 2013. {}
  • “L’usage de l’internet au Maroc: Essai de mesure de la fracture numérique de second degré,” Samira Oukarfi, International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, Vol. 2 No. 2 Feb. 2013, pp. 118-130. {ISSR}
  • “The Problematics of the “Bottom of the Pyramid” Approach to International Development: The Case of Micro-Entrepreneurs’ Use of Mobile Phones in Morocco,” Hsain Ilahiane, John W. Sherry, ITID, Vol 8, Issue 1, Spring 2012. {ITID}
  • “The Use of the Internet by Social Movements in Morocco: Implications for Collective Action and Political Change,” Mohamed Ben Moussa, PhD thesis, Concordia University, 2011. {}
  • “Broadband in Morocco : Political Will Meets Socio-Economic Reality,” infoDev, Oct 2011. {}
  • “Internet and e-commerce industry in Morocco”, Ecommerce Journal, June 2010. {Friends of Morocco}
  • “Telecommunication and IT Sector in Morocco: Assets & Prospects”, ANRT, 2008. {ABHATOO}


  • “Using Photo-Elicitation to Explore Social Representations of Community Multimedia Centers in Mozambique,” Vannini et. al, The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, Vol 67, 2015. {EJISDC}
  • “The start-up ecosystem in Mozambique,” Tara Sabre Collier, VC4A, Aug 6, 2014. {VC4A}
  • “Better broadband performance with more competition,” Research ICT Africa Policy Brief No. 5, June 2014. {RIA}
  • “Unlocking the Potential of the Internet: A Scoping Study in the Mozambique Regional Corridors of Beira and Nacala,” Accenture, April 2014. {A4AI}
  • “Exploring the Meanings of Community Multimedia Centers in Mozambique: A Social Representation Perspective,” Isabella Rega, Sara Vannini, Emanuele Fino, Lorenzo Cantoni, ITID, Vol 9, Issue 4, Winter 2013. {ITID}
  • “Is Information Power? Using Mobile Phones and Free Newspapers during an Election in Mozambique,” Jenny Aker, Paul Collier, and Pedro C. Vicente, Center for Global Development, Working Paper 328, June 2013. {CGDEV}
  • Muianga, Xavier; Hansson, Henrik; Nilsson, Anders; Mondlane, Avelino; Mutimucuio, Inocente; and Guambe, Alsone (2013) “ICT in Education in Africa – Myth or Reality: A Case Study of Mozambican Higher Education Institutions,” The African Journal of Information Systems: Vol. 5: Iss. 3, Article 5. {AJIS}
  • “Mozambique ICT Sector Performance Review 2009/2010,” Research ICT Africa Vol 2 Paper 16, 2010. {Research ICT Africa}
  • “Putting Cumbama on the Map”,, Nov 2009.{}
  • “Inclusao Digital em Mocambique,” CIUEM, July 2009. {}
  • Macueve, Gertrudes (2008) “e-Government for Development: A Case Study from Mozambique,” The African Journal of Information Systems: Vol. 1: Iss. 1, Article 2. {AJIS}
  • “Mozambique,” ICTS and Higher Education in Africa, 2007. {}
  • “Sustainable Development Networking Programme (SDNP) in Mozambique,” Massingue, Muchanga, Labelle, Jul 1995. {AKDN}