Chart : Internet Penetration vs. Human Development Index, 2009
A direct correlation exists between HDI and the percentage of Internet users in African countries. The higher the HDI, the greater proportion of the population using the Internet.
|HDI Range||# African||% of African Countries||% Range Is African|
|Very High (HDI > 0.900)||0||0%||0%|
|High (0.900 > HDI > 0.800)||2||4%||4%|
|Medium (0.800 > HDI > 0.500)||26||52%||35%|
|Low (HDI < 0.500)||22||44%||92%|
Source: SUMMARY: Human Development Report 2009. Rep. United Nations, 2009. <http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2009_EN_Summary.pdf>.
The above table shows that nearly all African nations are the Medium or Low HDI ranges, as designated by the United Nations Development Project. Essentially the entire low range (HDI < 0.500) is comprised of African countries. According to the graph’s best-fit line, African countries in with Low Human Development Indices should have fewer than 5% of the population on the Internet. Similarly, countries with a Medium HDI should be 5-15% connected. The data supports this hypothesis. However, even the top-ranking African nations (falling within the upper half of the HDI list) only have penetration rates near the worldwide average of 25%.
See an in-depth table of Human Development Index vs. Internet Penetration Rate here.