Scanned international connectivity map, 1995
The image above shows the nations with known Internet connections as of late 1995. Even in cases of no TLD or public access, private citizens or governments could still have had dial-up via long-distance. Internet-Ham packet-radio connections were also an option.
- Nations with no Internet included predominantly war-torn or island nations, including: Benin, Burundi, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Libya, Mauritania, Mayotte, Rwanda, Sao Tome & Principe, Somalia, and Sudan.
- South Africa, Tunisia, and Egypt already had 3 levels of connectivity. Today, these nations still lead the continent in terms of Internet penetration.
- Out of the nations without access in 1995, Rwanda has arguably advanced the most, partly due to the progress in East Africa, but mainly due to massive government reform after the genocide of 1994.
Image scanned and merged from: Waltz, Mitzi. The Internet International Directory 1996. Emeryville, California: Ziff-Davis Press, 1995.